Extinct relatives of modern humans who lived on the island of Flores and nicknamed the hobbit for the low growth are the result of the evolution of Homo habilis, and not of degeneration of the CRO-magnon. To the conclusion made by Australian researchers from Flinders University in Adelaide, carefully analyzing all the available remains of these hominids is quite unusual.
It is assumed that “the hobbit”, characterized by short stature, a small brain volume and weighing up to 50 pounds, appeared on Earth about 130 million years ago and disappeared about 50 thousand years to the present day. Their remains were first discovered in a cave on the island of Flores in 2003. Officially called Homo floresiensis, but often the media representatives referred to as “hobbits” in honor of the fictional people from the works of JRR Tolkien and subsequently shot for their movie.
The origin of the “human Florensky” for a long time remained a subject of scientific disputes, and the version put forward the polar — one of the assumptions Florensky people were actually “sick” a wise man, and according to another, the little skull is allowed to take him not only to new species but to an independent genus. However, further study has allowed the vast majority of scientists agree that Homo floresiensis is a species of the genus Homo. However, clearly answer the question of where exactly it is located on the evolutionary tree was still difficult.
In the new study, experts have studied found today the remains of the hobbits, and tried to compare the sizes of 133 various sections of their skeletons, and similar points on the skeletons of other hominids. As a result, scientists came to the conclusion that the most likely direct ancestor of the man Florensky is a skilled person. The CRO-magnons, from a biological point of view almost identical with contemporary humans, such a role did not fit.
A new study presented at the scientific Journal Journal of Human Evolution.
Previously, some researchers have discovered evidence that humans and hobbits in the past lived near each other. While some experts do not exclude that relations between the two types could generally be neighborly while others are inclined to believe that humans and Homo floresiensis at odds, which in the end led to the disappearance of the last with the face of the Earth.