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The war in Syria
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UN Secretary-General, antónio Guterres, believes that the end of the Syrian crisis is still “very far”. He reiterated the need for a speedy political settlement of the conflict
The Syrian crisis, which raises the level of security threats around the world, no end of, said in an interview with Bloomberg, which was held in the building of the International monetary Fund in Washington, the Secretary-General of the United Nations (UN), antónio Guterres.
“We are very far to the end”, — said the Secretary General of the international organization, commenting on the situation in Syria.
According to him, requires a political settlement of the conflict and the cessation of civil war, which creates instability and increases the risk of the terrorist threat.
“This threatens the lives of all of us, absolutely everywhere,” — said Guterres.
Lately in Syria has escalated to an armed conflict. It happened once at the beginning of April was the use of chemical weapons in Idlib province. According to the autopsy of victims of the attack, which was held by Turkish authorities against the Syrian population was used a chemical warfare agent (CWA) nerve agents sarin. In total, the attack killed about a hundred people, more than 500 were poisoned.
USA, Western countries, Saudi Arabia, Israel and Turkey, was blamed for the attack on the government army Bashar al-Assad, who is also accused of using chemical weapons. Damascus, in turn. this denies the accusation.
The consequences of a chemical attack in the Syrian province of Idlib. Photos
April 4, human rights activists reported chemical attack in the town of Khan Shaykhun in the Syrian province of Idlib. Its victims could be at least 58 people, including 11 children. Human rights…
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A few days later, on April 7, U.S. Navy warships launched a missile attack on the Syrian air base of the Shirt, which, according to Washington, flew the planes, dropped the bombs with chemical warheads. In Moscow said about unproven charges against the Assad regime and called for the investigation of the incident.
In connection with the attack in Idlib France, Britain and the United States have prepared a draft resolution of the UN security Council on this incident. The countries demanded an international investigation plans the flights of the Syrian aviation and recordings that were made on the day of the attack, including the names of the commanders of the crews, flying. Russia used its right of veto and blocked the adoption of the resolution.
Chemical weapons in Syria
The production of chemical agents in Syria according to non-governmental organizations and the CIA, began in 1970-1980, with the participation of French organizations and experts.
The provision for the destruction of chemical weapons in Syria was made after September 16, 2013 was published the report of the UN experts about the use of chemical weapons on 21 August 2013 in ghouta (Damascus suburb).
September 28, 2013 was unanimously adopted Security Council Resolution 2118 of the UN on the destruction of Syrian chemical weapons. Original pickup date was defined as 31 December 2013. The term of the transportation less hazardous chemicals was set for 4 February. In fact, these terms have not been met.
14 Oct 2013 Syria acceded to the Convention on the prohibition of chemical weapons, banning the production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons.
In October 2013, under the supervision of experts of the United Nations and the Organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons has begun destroying Syrian chemical weapons.
In February 2014 the Syrian authorities provided the Organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons plan, according to which the removal of all toxic substances from the country was due to expire on 27 April 2014.
In April 2014, the head of the joint mission of the UN and the Organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons Sigrid Kaag said that 92.5 percent of Syrian chemical weapons destroyed or removed. On the removal of the last batch announced on 23 June 2014.
4 January 2016 in its report, the Organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons said that all of the chemicals removed from Syria in 2014, destroyed. However, it was reported that the organization is still unable to access some former production facilities of Syrian chemical weapons.
In December 2016, the Syrian authorities reported the transfer of the Organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons evidence on the use of chemical weapons by militants.