Telecom giants are no longer limited to only mobile services. Company has successfully provide high-speed Internet, digital TV, security alarm. Recently in their area of interest hit new markets. This is especially noticeable in the sphere of housing, transport, e-Commerce and entertainment.
photo: Mikhail Kovalev
Over the last 15 years the leading players of the IT industry accomplished a real feat: for the first time in the history of the company from the Telecom sector pushed the capitalization of the giants of the global energy market, which was out of competition in the twentieth century. And give the best positions in the stock market, it seems, are not collected. They reliably completely new niche and change the ways of our lives.
The secret of success is known — the introduction of technologies M2M (Machine-to-Machine), which allow cars to communicate with the Internet and with each other. For example, ATMs and payment terminals automatically transmit information over the GSM networks (including, if they ran out of receipt paper and cash or, conversely, bill Packed to capacity and required the arrival of the collectors). M2M on the basis of GLONASS/GPS is increasingly being used in payment systems, vending, telemedicine, energy, utilities and security. And this applies not only burglar alarms.
The people of new York with the gadgets on iOS and Android, had the opportunity to receive alerts about what’s happening in the vicinity of the crimes through a special mobile application Citizen. South Korean mobile operator SK Telecom has found solutions, rising to new level of the educational process in schools and classrooms of universities will create a virtual Museum and model of the universe. Telecom operators have their eye on entertainment. For example, smart toys CloudPets help parents to communicate with children. Connecting to phone or tablet via Bluetooth, adults can send and receive messages through the Teddy bear.
Huge changes in people’s life will happen after the introduction of the fifth generation of mobile communications, promise the experts. “We are on the verge of an incredible revolution, which is due to the 5G will forever change our world. In this new world, every person, every device, regardless of where they are, will exchange information in real time. Over the next 10 years our society will undergo more changes than in the last 100 years” — sure Ericsson.
The new format poses danger, especially for the labour market. The fact that after the creation of the 5G network robots will take away jobs from humans. Especially it touches logistics and retail. In the U.S. popular stores operating without cash registers and queues. And without sellers. Last year at the world mobile Congress Ericsson presented the robot to transfer the boxes to the wine industry. And this is only the beginning.
In the Beijing district of Huairou are large-scale field trials 5G network. By 2018 it is planned to form a standard the first version of the 5G, and in 2020 the network will be launched. Ericsson, Deutsche Telekom and SK Telecom announced the deployment world’s first Intercontinental network of the fifth generation, which will connect Germany and South Korea.
In recent years, leading players in the IT market started to actively promote solutions for smart cities. Its elements not only save city budgets, but also improve the quality of life of people. So, the know-how of Deutsche Telekom allow the Germans to comfortably Park: special application causes the driver to free Parking space.
Rapidly implemented the system that controls spending on housing and regulating the consumption of services, depending on various factors: time of year, weather conditions or individual needs. So, Enedis plans to 2020 to establish in France more than 35 million “smart” meters.
M2M on wheels
Telecom operators safely master new niches. But perhaps the most significant breakthrough technologies M2M recorded on the transport. Thanks to the OmniTRACS solution, developed in 1989 for tracking trucks and buses, mobile operators dictate the new rules on roads. In Asia, according to ABI Research, soloed China Mobile, NTT DoCoMo and Korea Telecom. In the United States set the tone for Verizon, AT&T, Sprint and T‑Mobile, and in the EU, Telefonica, Telenor, Orange Business Services (part of France Telecom) and Vodafone. Assessment Berg Insight, Europe’s most Mature M2M market is in the Nordic countries.
Another profit growth point of the players from the Telecom navigation. But perhaps the biggest prospect promise unmanned vehicles. Self-driving vehicle equipped with sensors that read the traffic information: neighboring cars, weather conditions, condition of pavement, markings, road signs etc. In Finland is already running a bus moving without a driver. According to the forecast ABI Research, by 2025, about 67 million cars will use the services 5G. Three million of them — drones.
In our country, Telecom operators are also trying to keep up with the times. At the end of 2016 the Agency and its partners have launched a project to use unmanned vehicles on Federal highways. On the pilot section of the highway Kazan — Naberezhnye Chelny will be having special road markings and install the motion sensors of UAVs, established in Germany and Finland. By 2030 it is planned to construct 10 thousand km of roads. In the fall of 2016, the agricultural complex of the Ryazan region has begun testing unmanned tractor. In Moscow an unmanned taxi is going to launch “a daughter” the largest Russian search engine.
The first launch of 5G networks in Russia is planned in 2018, stadiums during sports matches of the world Cup. Operators looking for new opportunities for the development of mobile payments.
Experiment in Lublin
The city authorities have set a competition to design a clever quarter, which will test smart city technologies. The interest for the tender showed the number of major mobile operators and cable connection with development of the housing sector.
As reported in Department of information technology of Moscow, the pilot zone will appear in some homes and yards in Lublin. Automation of data transfer will help to control garbage collection, snow removal, General condition of the utilities. Also in the pilot zone is planned to test solutions that support the optimum temperature of the Central heating, smart lighting of entrances (automatic will turn off the lights when no one is), smart water meters and electricity, themselves send readings to municipal services, and much more.
Similar projects have already proved their effectiveness in Barcelona and Helsinki. So, for the occupants of smart homes 50% decrease in payments for heat, 41% for water, 30% for electricity and maintenance costs. In contrast, Moscow has chosen the area with existing buildings. Now the capital of the individual elements of a smart home system using management companies and developers to upgrade the housing. Large-scale introduction of such systems will be held for the first time in our country. If the experiment was completed successfully, the city authorities promise to extend the experience throughout the city.