Category Archives: Technology

Scientists have identified the danger of white wine for women

Use white wine even in the amount of three glasses per week significantly increases women’s risk of problems with the skin – this is the conclusion reached by scientists investigating the health of several tens of thousands of women for 15 years. According to researchers, ladies who give preference to the alcoholic beverage and liquor, often suffer from disease, rosacea, characterized by redness and lesions on the skin.


photo: pixabay.com

The results of the study were published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, indicates the Daily Mail. Dermatologists of brown University tracked the health of 83 thousand American women who were observed between 1991 and 2005. The conclusions were very interesting: almost five thousand of them suffered from rosacea.

After statistical analysis, researchers found that only three glasses of white wine a week increase the risk of this disease by 14%. And five glasses – about one bottle – or more – as much as 49%.

The explanation of this relationship, according to scientists, is that white wine weakens the immune system, dilates blood vessels, which in turn leads to skin problems. In addition, white wine, unlike red, do not contain substances with anti-inflammatory action.

Became known date of the start of sales in Russia a new version of Nokia 3310

Photo: Paul Hanna / Reuters

The presentation of the remake of the famous Nokia 3310 in Russia together with a new line of smartphones under the brand of the Finnish company is scheduled for may 16. Sales of new models will enable the Nokia brand to occupy in the Russian market up to 5%, experts say

According to a source RBC in one of network shops of electronics, the Finnish company Global HMD licensed to release devices under the brand Nokia will present Nokia 3310 in Russia on 16 may. The same date of RBC called representatives of the two major mobile retailers. On the same day in the largest retail networks in the country will start official sales of the updated model, which became famous in the early 2000-ies due to its strength and the capacious battery, said one of the interlocutors RBC.

The representative of the Global HMD neither confirmed nor denied that date, only said that “the price and date of start of sales of the new line in Russia will be announced in the second quarter of 2017”.

Global HMD introduced an updated version of famous for its “indestructibility” Nokia 3310 mobile world Congress in Barcelona in February this year. As reported by the manufacturer, the phone features a 2-megapixel camera, MicroSD slot and MP3 player. New 3310 should be available in four colors: glossy red and yellow and matte grey and blue. The unit will be able to work nearly a day of talktime and a month in standby mode, as was the case with the previous version of Nokia 3310. The retail price of the device was declared HMD Global in February, should be €49 (2,95 thousand rubles at the current exchange rate of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation). What will be the total retail cost of the phone in Russia, one of the interlocutors of RBC could not say.

Then, in February, Global HMD presented in Barcelona the new Nokia smartphones: models 3, 4 and 6. All three are managed by the operating system Android Nougat. Nokia 3 has front and rear camera of 8 megapixels, a screen diagonal of 5 inches, supports LTE and also has a slot for a memory card. Nokia 5 in an aluminum casing, the display is 5.2 inches, the resolution main camera — 13, while the front — 8 megapixels. The flagship model of the series Nokia 6 has a 5.5 inch screen, fingerprint scanner, a rear chamber 16 and front to 8 megapixels. According to the representative of one of the largest Russian retailers, in the day of the presentation devices to smartphones will open pre-orders. Their retail price will average from 10 thousand to 15 thousand RUB “In this price range Nokia smartphones will be competing with some models of Samsung and Chinese brands”, — said the interlocutor of RBC. In Barcelona, the company claimed that the price of new models will start from €139 (of 8.38 thousand RUB) to €229 (13.8 thousand rubles).

Photo: Paul Hanna / Reuters

Second chance for old brand

The first version of the Nokia 3310 was introduced in the year 2000. Release device worked itself Nokia. In 2001, the company turnover amounted to €31 billion, this year it was the largest mobile phone market in the world. Only Nokia sold 126 million units of the model 3310.

However, over time the company began to push other producers, and in 2013 Nokia announced the sale of mobile business to Microsoft for $5 billion, another $2.2 billion was paid for the patents in the field of mobile telephony. Microsoft has released Lumia smartphones for its Windows Phone operating system, but in 2014, they were renamed to Microsoft Lumia, but the Nokia logo was only on push-button devices. In 2016, Nokia has provided the right to use its brand Global HMD designed specifically for the production of mobile devices. Director Global HMD became a former top Manager of Nokia Arto Nummela.

According to Svyaznoy, the Russian market of smartphones by the end of 2016 amounted to over 26 million devices were sold in the amount of more than 320 billion roubles On the assessment of the MTS, the largest brands on the Russian market by the number of units sold in 2016 were Samsung (21.6% of the market), Apple (11,1%), Lenovo (8.1 percent), ZTE (7,2%) and Fly (7.4 per cent). The Microsoft’s share was 1.6% share directly Nokia in MTS has not been evaluated.

According to the forecast of Director of procurement Department of “Euroset” Alexey Shirokov, year-end share Nokia in the Russian market may reach 5%. “We associate that number with the fact that the Nokia brand still strong in the minds of buyers,” — said Shirokov.

With this agreement the representative of the network “the Messenger”. He recalled that the smartphones under the Nokia brand has been ranked in the top three most in demand in 2013 and 2014. In 2015, when the market was presented simultaneously and smartphones Microsoft and Nokia, they are also included in the top three in sales. “We expect the entire updated line of Nokia phones will be popular among buyers in our country”, — said the representative of the retailer.

The success of the remake of Nokia 3310, the representative of Svyaznoy, will contribute to the fact that, despite the growing popularity of smart phones, push button phones continue to be in demand in the first quarter they accounted for about a quarter of sold in Russia of mobile phones. “For many Russians, it is sufficient basic functionality of phone calls and SMS, — explains the representative of the retailer. — Plus the price of the keypad device is significantly lower than that of a smartphone”.

Solve the mystery of the origin Indonesia “hobbits”

Extinct relatives of modern humans who lived on the island of Flores and nicknamed the hobbit for the low growth are the result of the evolution of Homo habilis, and not of degeneration of the CRO-magnon. To the conclusion made by Australian researchers from Flinders University in Adelaide, carefully analyzing all the available remains of these hominids is quite unusual.


photo: en.wikipedia.org

It is assumed that “the hobbit”, characterized by short stature, a small brain volume and weighing up to 50 pounds, appeared on Earth about 130 million years ago and disappeared about 50 thousand years to the present day. Their remains were first discovered in a cave on the island of Flores in 2003. Officially called Homo floresiensis, but often the media representatives referred to as “hobbits” in honor of the fictional people from the works of JRR Tolkien and subsequently shot for their movie.

The origin of the “human Florensky” for a long time remained a subject of scientific disputes, and the version put forward the polar — one of the assumptions Florensky people were actually “sick” a wise man, and according to another, the little skull is allowed to take him not only to new species but to an independent genus. However, further study has allowed the vast majority of scientists agree that Homo floresiensis is a species of the genus Homo. However, clearly answer the question of where exactly it is located on the evolutionary tree was still difficult.

In the new study, experts have studied found today the remains of the hobbits, and tried to compare the sizes of 133 various sections of their skeletons, and similar points on the skeletons of other hominids. As a result, scientists came to the conclusion that the most likely direct ancestor of the man Florensky is a skilled person. The CRO-magnons, from a biological point of view almost identical with contemporary humans, such a role did not fit.

A new study presented at the scientific Journal Journal of Human Evolution.

Previously, some researchers have discovered evidence that humans and hobbits in the past lived near each other. While some experts do not exclude that relations between the two types could generally be neighborly while others are inclined to believe that humans and Homo floresiensis at odds, which in the end led to the disappearance of the last with the face of the Earth.

Media: nutritionists told what vegetables prevent a person to lose weight

It is believed that in order to lose weight, a person should eat lots of vegetables. However, not all vegetables are fully suitable for this task, according to a number of media with reference to experts from Harvard University.


photo: pixabay.com

Reportedly, scientists have studied the information about 13 thousand people who watched his diet and kept a diary of nutrition. The results showed that those who preferred vegetables high in fiber, often quite effectively maintained a slim figure, while a number of other vegetables, on the contrary, this task is considerably complicated.

Potatoes, who has been the reputation of “wrong” vegetable for weight loss, the list is not headed, behind corn. In third place is the peas. In General as harmful for the figure turned out to be all vegetables, containing large amounts of starch in addition to the above, to them, in particular, include carrots, radishes, pumpkins, radishes and beets. It is noted that completely abandon the use of all these products one should not, however, limit their use may be the right step to maintain a slender figure.

It should be noted that earlier it was reported about another study, which in many ways can be considered almost opposite — boiled corn and beets, the authors recommend eating even at night, not too fearing that it will lead to weight gain. However, both works have in common the recognition that eating excessive amounts of potatoes — not the best way to lose weight.

By the way, recently experts from the US came to the conclusion that beetroot juice in combination with exercise can be very useful for the brain people with hypertension.

The team’s largest project to search for alien shared the first results

Specialists representing the project Breakthrough Listen, presented 11 the most interesting events recorded by them, which could be a result of the activities of alien civilizations. For this, specialists have analyzed a few petabytes-that is, millions of gigabytes of data.


photo: youtube.com

Experts analyzed information about the signals from 692 different stars obtained with the radio telescope, green Bank, located in West Virginia, as well as a number of other observatories. According to experts, they have developed a number of criteria, allowing to distinguish probable “message aliens” as from impulses of natural origin, coming to the Earth from distant stars and signals for the “space” are only wrong because in reality their source was on the Ground.

Experts highlighted 11 of the most unusual signal of “trapped” in the course of the project. However, experts admit that even they, most likely, in reality messages are not aliens, even in the case of each of them, the probability of such origin is present.

Breakthrough Listen — the project to search for intelligent extraterrestrial life in the Universe, which started in July 2015 and will last 10 years. Today it is considered the most “comprehensive” attempt to search for extraterrestrial intelligent life. The estimated project budget is $ 100 million. The program was launched at the initiative of Russian billionaire Yuri Milner and the British scientist Stephen Hawking.

It is worth noting that many scientists believe it is possible the existence of alien civilizations, albeit with justified skepticism includes news about aliens and UFOs. Almost all serious experts at the same doubt that once people encounter reasonable aliens “personally”, although, for example, the aforementioned Stephen Hawking does not exclude even the colonization of Earth by aliens.

Elon Musk has promised to make people telepaths in eight years

Entrepreneur and inventor Elon Musk spoke about the next ambitious project, which will take not so long ago the company he founded. The human brain will implant a microscopic chip, which allows to connect the brain to a computer and to transmit thoughts at a distance. Himself Elon Musk said that, in fact, this can be called telepathy.


photo: ru.wikipedia.org

In the first stage, which is planned to overcome in the next four years, with the help of the created technology is planned to help people, because of various reasons have lost complete control over their own bodies. However, it is expected that in 8-10 years “telepathy” will be able to enjoy a healthy people if they agree to the implantation of such a chip, they will not even have to utter their thoughts aloud, if this is not done with the aim to bring into conversation “flavor”. Musk suggests that “direct” exchange of ideas may eventually prove to be very popular.

Of its intention to merge the brain with a computer, the American businessman has already announced in late March. Then he said that such technology would allow, in particular, to record people’s thoughts on digital media and “read” them in the future. In the development of this kind the scientist sees the opportunity to provide the human mind the ability to “keep up” on any advanced artificial intelligence of the future.

Elon Musk is known to participate in a number of very ambitious projects. In particular, as the founder, CEO and chief engineer of the company SpaceX hopes it tenfold to reduce the cost of space flight. This, according to billionaire, as required for manned interplanetary flights, and for the development of space tourism. Also Elon Musk is headed by one of the world’s largest companies focused on the production of electric vehicles. His fortune today is estimated at 10.7 billion dollars.

Drunk raki helped scientists to understand how bad excessive sociability

A group of researchers from the University of Maryland, College Park, found that the crayfish species Procambarus clarkii get drunk faster, if getting alcohol in the body, they had the opportunity to spend time in the company of other dogs. Experts do not exclude that the findings will be useful for studying alcoholism among men.


photo: pixabay.com

During the experiments, the scientists immersed the young healthy individuals in the aquarium, which subsequently was added a certain amount of ethanol. However, some arthropods before that for seven or even ten days was in solitude, while others could “communicate” with each other. As it turned out, how quickly cancers are intoxicated, influenced not only the concentration of ethanol in water, but also how they were “convivial”. Those animals that before getting into the water with ethanol could communicate with others, began to show signs of intoxication, about one and a half times faster “lonely” relatives. According to experts, these symptoms are quite easy to observe — first animals for no apparent reason take an aggressive posture or begin to intensely waving his tail and after some time lose balance and fall, and then remain in this position until you “sober up”.

When the same concentration of ethanol those cancers, which over a week spent alone, started to get drunk after about thirty minutes, while the rest just twenty. Researchers are not yet ready with full confidence to declare what is due to their trend, however, tend to assume that socialisation has changed the very structure of the neurons of animals, so their body begins to tolerate alcohol more “effective”. Scientists do not exclude that something similar may also be observed in other exposed to alcohol living beings, including humans.

The specialists presented in the scientific Journal Journal of Experimental Biology.

Biologists have aeration fans atrophies the brain

Regular and excessive consumption of carbonated and sweetened drinks can lead to a decrease in volume of the brain. First and foremost this applies to the hippocampus, the division plays a critical role in memory. At the same time, according to experts from Boston University, similar effects have and fruit juices.


photo: pixabay.com

The researchers studied information about the four thousand Americans that were going on for ten years, and tried to find a relationship between preferred these people drinks and as their brain. As it turned out, those who daily and in large quantities consumed drinks with lots of sugar, the volume of the hippocampus often often decreased. Also, experts have found that among people who frequently consume carbonated water, was almost three times higher risk of developing dementia. About as they have increased the risk of stroke — the latter, according to scientists, can be the consequence not only of changes in the brain, but increased risk of developing diabetes.

People abusing sweetened and carbonated drinks, are often observed memory impairment and reduced IQ. All this, according to experts, allows quite confident to say that excessive addiction to sweet soda leads to atrophy of the brain. Scientific works devoted to the study, published in Alzheimer’s & Dementia, as well as in the journal Stroke.

Pretty long been known that sweet drinks can lead to the development of obesity and diabetes, but researchers are finding new evidence that the harm of this kind of drinks is not so limited. In particular, it was previously detected evidence that they are very harmful to teeth, and can also be one of the reasons for lack of sleep. Thus, according to the authors of some of these studies, the chance that a person will abuse soda water, is much higher if so do people in his entourage.

Stuck whether academics: the reasons for the unsatisfactory state of Affairs in RAS

At the end of March, a General meeting of the Russian Academy of Sciences. In addition to the annual report at this session it was anticipated the election of the President of the RAS and of the Presidium in connection with the expiration of their term of office. However, the candidates nominated for the position of President, including the current President, academician V. E. Fortov, refused to run, citing the imperfection recorded in the Charter of the election procedure. Speakers the participants of the meeting talked about the reasons of unsatisfactory state of Affairs in the Academy. Academician E. M. GALIMOV sent in the “MK” article in which he develops a position he raised in the speech at the General meeting.


photo: Alex geldings

Basic science — who needs it

Did not want to return to the theme of the Academy of Sciences, especially after the last rather sad session. But comments in the media brought me out of “non-resistance to evil”. Because, in my opinion, too narrowly, only in private matters and individuals, outlines the problem.


Photo: Nicholas His

FROM THE FILE “MK”

Eric M. GALIMOV, academician of RAS since 1994, member of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 2002-2013, scientific Director of the Institute. V. I. Vernadsky Russian Academy of Sciences, Director 1992-2015., honorary Professor of Moscow state University. M. V. Lomonosov, laureate of the State prize of the Russian Federation for science and technology 2016

Report of the Academy of Sciences at the annual session of the contained messages about the serious achievements of fundamental science. Many of the works of the world level even it doesn’t fit. Hardly an annual report, for example, at Harvard University, located in the first row of the world rankings, would be a much richer report of our Academy. Only the annual budget of Harvard is 36 billion, and the budget of the entire Russian Academy of Sciences with all its institutions — less than $ 1 billion! Such Academy to pray would be necessary. Just don’t need it even for only 1 billion.

The people said: stuck these academics. Bored with your basic science. Want money. And their life is not enough. Pensions are small. Products expensive. What can I say? To explain people the importance of basic science is difficult. Practical use it is not. The deeper is the fundamental science, the less she understood. People do not need it. It is an intellectual exercise of a relatively small number of people who are predisposed to it and capable of thinking of the appropriate type. Fundamental science is akin to solving puzzles and riddles. Some like to do it, but not everyone. It seems unreasonable to pay for someone else’s entertainment. In fact, in the Middle ages academic exercise engaged in by wealthy people for their own pleasure. But after a couple of centuries it became clear that the countries in which these intellectual pursuits were common, suddenly found himself in the vanguard of humanity and live better. And so matters stand to this day.

The only problem is that before it was quite light head and goose-quill to record good thoughts. And today in the XXI century. And production of new knowledge, not just reasoning, requires huge cost of equipping and organizing the work of a researcher.

The lack of proper equipment makes the job of the scientist is futile. He cannot achieve the highest form of scientific recognition in the world. It makes a scientific career in our country unattractive to talented young people. But it is more important than salary.

Of course, the leadership of the country understands the necessity of innovation for economic development of the country and calls for him. The idea, according to the accepted laws and documents, is to focus scientific research on priority areas in large public research centers, and basic science — Academy of Sciences and in universities. In principle this is the right plan to meet modern trends. But the expected results, he does not.

In the USSR everything was okay?

I remember the Soviet times as the Golden age of our science. If the state of science in the USSR excellent? Not at all. If you compare with foreign science, then us and then it was backward equipment, much lower than that of Western scholars, wages, restricted communication capabilities, including check-out and participation in international conferences. In all these respects the position of science today is better than before. Except one: in Soviet times the situation was a respected scientist. Moreover, in those circumstances it was the best choice of destiny.

Today we are a democratic state. There is no doubt. We really are the claimed constitutional rights and freedoms, which, as in other countries, does not exclude the manifestations of falsehood, of injustice and stupidity. We are no worse and no better than other democracies. We have an open border. People can go to work in another country. A talented person can realize themselves in business, in management. Before science it was possible to make a career depending on their abilities. In other areas acted ideological, and other limitations. To go just anywhere. Run? But few were willing to break with the homeland. Therefore, the work in an academic institution was a dream, and today a gifted man is hard to lure in domestic science.

Was the science demanded the Soviet era? Half Yes. Half, because the planned economy in the absence of internal competition inert in relation to any innovation. Science had to “implement”. But science was needed in the geopolitical competition. Country, to build communism, needed in science. Moreover, she called his philosophy, scientific communism. Geopolitical goals of communism fueled inter-state competition. Therefore, in those areas that were important for geopolitical competition, including in the field of arms and related high technologies, science was in demand. It provided a competitive level of achievement. Today’s Russia has no global ambitions and no doctrine, involving irreconcilable geopolitical competition. And that’s good. But, as a consequence, there is no this side and the previous stimulus for the development of science.

So the democratic transformation was, oddly enough, adverse to our science. But it’s not them. And it would be sad if we moved back.

With the transition to a market economy seemed to work the factor of competition between producers within the country. But, unfortunately, the factor of the internal competition were we are now severely weakened. Primarily because of the dominant state participation in the most important sectors of the economy. Easier to the state to implement its policy directly, than relying on seems to be at the disposal of the indirect tools: tax policy, the establishment of preferences, and so on. The main difference between an economy based on private enterprise, from a planned socialist economy is the creative role of the risk factor. Survives a successful entrepreneur, winning the competition. Losers fail and give up. This provides the ultimate progress.

A private entrepreneur to win the competition science. Public participation makes any enterprise risk-free. The state will support even an inefficient company if it participates in it. Science can be “implemented” for the love of progress, but in principle it is not needed and not vitally important, as it was in Soviet times. The primacy of bureaucracy eliminates in many cases the factor of competition in the private business. Agreeing with the bureaucracy, we can beat the competition without any science. This makes corruption pervasive phenomenon. I think that the bureaucratic dominance of the economy is the main reason we are creating an unfavorable soil for the development of science.


photo: Gennady Cherkasov

Low quality elite

In my opinion, the problem of our society is the poor quality of the elite. Of course, there are a lot of smart and talented people. But they are not enough. In the management layer a lot of mediocrity. So accepted a lot of bad decisions. And sometimes, on the contrary, great ideas fail because of mismanagement of their embodiment.

Belonging to the elite means not just high social status, but also a high level of professional and human qualities. That our elite are very often lacking. Many manifestations of low-lying properties, neglect of duty and just ignorance. There was this elite in the period of transition from the medium energetic, but poorly prepared, sufficiently unprincipled to yesterday’s Komsomol members turn into clever businessmen, sometimes with a noticeable semi-criminal component. Honesty and integrity in this environment would be an obstacle to success. Since then a lot has changed, a new generation of people, and the old pooltables. But generic signs more noticeable. For such elite scientific mentality alien.

Our elite stuck in my head the ideas gleaned at a superficial acquaintance with the construction of science in the West. In these countries, basic research is concentrated in universities. Teaching activities the main purpose of scientists in universities and research work they are mostly for grants. In Russia since Peter I, and especially in Soviet times, the fundamental science was concentrated in the Academy of Sciences, in which scientists professionally engaged in only with science, but teaching in universities were part-time. The idea is to Fund research in academic institutions through grants — is nonsense, and most importantly, it’s just money down the drain. But it is connected with the search of effective management. Say, why to feed the whole Horde, most of which was idle, and the elderly. More economical to Finance point separate well-established group. It is important to support young people.

Like it makes sense. But actually it doesn’t work. The selected groups remain in poorly equipped laboratories, low-paid ancillary services, often in a hostile atmosphere caused by the envy of colleagues who are unjustly lucky. Expensive devices for grants not buy. So it is simply additional salary. Some grants put a condition: to give at least 50% of the young employees. To be able to receive money the others — middle-aged, but really working employees — seek out young people, include them in the grant and pay them the money they don’t deserve to formally comply with the requirements of the grant.

The grant system is just harmful in academic institutions. We will not talk about that related to abuse and injustice because the question of whom to give grants, decide unknown “experts”, not the scientific Council of the Institute, who really knows who is who. Research teams were obliged to submit to the ridiculous reports. For example, in the application for a grant, you promised to write three articles, and wrote only two or so failed the grant, give the money, or at least won’t get it next time. Sometimes scientist the years has not published the material, because I am not sure in the results, again and again to check. In the grip of the formal requirements it can reduce the demands on himself, to publish unreliable data or just made up. This can have disastrous consequences, cause distrust of our science and the loss of international reputation. And it is in the scientific community is of great importance.

In the circles of the elite reputation, apparently, means little, judging by the fact that discredited persons remain in place. So they would never come like the consequences of their actions. It is not the fault of the officials, sometimes we say. Many officials conscientiously doing their job. This is a manifestation of the low quality of our elites as society.

Don’t confuse academics with experts

There is a misconception concerning the role and purpose of the Academy of Sciences. Academics are considered experts, experts. It comes from too literal understanding of the Russian word “scientist”. Meanwhile, the important thing in science is not scholarship, knowledge of the subject, and the creation of new knowledge. Of course, you would need to know the subject, but it is only the condition, not the content of the activity. English science — science and people in science — scientist, i.e. “nauchnikov”. We have no such word. We translate this as “scientist” and substitute the essence of the concept. This is because science as an activity is not originated from us. It came to us from the West. Although the effect of gifted Russian nature was quickly mastered by scholars. Remained as an occupation of scientists.

The exact translation of the word “scientist” in English will expert (expert). It is used and our expert. Our elite decided that academics are experts, and the appointment of the Academy of Sciences is to be examined. And separated the Academy from the leadership of scientific institutions, i.e. Turner from the bench, inventing FANO. However, the President stressed that FANO has to engage in economic activities, freeing scientists for scientific work. But, as I mentioned, our elite know how to turn good ideas into their opposite. FANO diligently engaged in the organization of scientific work as it understands it. Nothing good came and will come. It would be right if the President has revised its mission, returning to academic institutions under the wing of the Academy of Sciences.

A little bit about religion

Will have to do with religion. I don’t think that there is some incompatibility of science and religion. But still they have different values. Scientific thinking is always associated with doubt in the sufficiency attained and the search for a new understanding of the nature of things, while religion is conservative in matters of knowledge and calls for faith in preset view. While we are talking about spiritual and moral categories, the differences between religious and scientific thinking tenuous.

Religion, at least modern, takes research and development aimed at improving the conditions of human existence, that is what is called applied science. But interest in the problems of fundamental science is not supported by religion. The consideration of knowledge as a system of natural laws, the objective essence of matter and spirit, including, for example, questions of the origin of life and man, evolution — and behind them is the future of biotechnology — the cause of religion rejection because it hurts her a basic understanding and raises questions that she believes she already has the answers. Therefore, religion and fundamental science, not allies. In our time — Renaissance of religion in our country — for the national Academy of Sciences, which aims to do just basic science, it represents a significant obstacle in attracting to their side of public opinion.

Academics are to blame for their troubles

This is an external cause. If they do not change radically, by any shuffling of the desired result not to receive. But in disasters of the Academy first, of course, blame the academics. Academy of Sciences strong intellectually but weak character. It is not common. She is not able to unite around a common idea. Like intellectuals in General. In the works of V. I. Lenin, which I had to study in my youth, I never liked his attitude towards intellectuals. But closer to the age I realized he was right. The intelligentsia are unreliable. To rely on the proletariat. Intellectual — individually strong personality. But as a class it is loose shapeless education. Everyone has their own opinion and unwillingness to follow anyone else. Everyone pulls in their own direction. The Academy of science not its own coming from the entire community plan of any action or transformation. That’s her problem. This property of the scientific community. If they were able to March in formation, but in their intellectual capacities, what would it was power! But then they wouldn’t be scientists. Alas, intellectuals can love — and then she creates amazing works or not to love — and then she deflates. To fight she does not know. You need to fight for it.

How to help the cause?

Now adopted an important document “Strategy of scientific and technological development of the country”, signed by Vladimir Putin. It identifies the goals facing the country, challenges ahead and the priorities that sees the country’s leadership. Importantly, the document at the highest level declares the importance of science for the country, and fundamental science in particular. It is a concept. Following this, there should be developed a program implementation of this strategy: what specific actions should be taken under what conditions the goals can be achieved, and which of them cannot be reached.

The development of this program, as I understand it, has instructed the government to FANO. Probably, RAS will be asked to give an expert evaluation of the finished programme. I foresee that the program will contain common space and calls or erroneous and impracticable projects. The fact that neither the government, specifically the Ministry of education and science, no FANO there is no mechanism to develop a real program of this magnitude, even with the involvement of individual members of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Naturally, she once again is critical will be accepted by the Academy of Sciences, and attempts to implement it will cause the resistance of the academic community. Naturally, once again this will cause irritation of the authorities, the accusations that RAS is incapable of change, refuses rational cooperation and therefore deserves new sanctions.

I think we’re making a mistake, losing the initiative. Such a programme is only the Academy of Sciences of the organisation as a whole.

It is clear that the program should involve not only the Affairs of the Academy of Sciences and not only science. In our country, only recently changed the entire system of government, the strategy for scientific and technological development should be implemented in combination with the solution of problems of state-building, the creation of a new economy, new principles of national security. Academy of Sciences is the only organization in the country, which has a sufficiently multilateral qualifications and intellectual capabilities to develop and propose an optimal program. I am sure that you cannot create a development program, not only without the knowledge of the laws of Economics, but without knowledge, relatively speaking, of thermodynamics — in other words, without the knowledge of the General laws of development of the material world, which brought up and owned by qualified scholars. Will have to consider some aspects that are sensitive to the holders of property and power. It is important that academics at least to some extent independent in their judgments, while the naughty official you can pay to zero.

Think of the Academy of Sciences there is a chance, therefore, to create a program of implementation of the strategy of scientific and technological development, which would embrace the totality of the necessary change. Such a program could be the support for the President, the election campaign which we will next year. This is the path to a radical change in the situation of science. Academy of Sciences needs to take the initiative in their hands.

Scientists: riding a bike increases the chances of a long life

People, daily commute to work by bike, and those who simply rides it often enough, thus bring huge benefits to your health. According to British experts from the University of Glasgow, this method of movement very significantly reduces the risk of early death, as well as a number of diseases.


photo: pixabay.com

For the past five years, scientists watched as more than 250 thousand British middle-age. The result found out that for both of these people, who rode his bike daily, was characterized by a 40 percent lower risk of early death and a 50 percent lower risk of developing diseases of the cardiovascular system. The specialists underline that such a relationship was equally observed both among men and among women. The scientists added that good man and brought the habit to walk to work, although in this case it was a little smaller — and the risk of heart disease and blood vessels, and the probability of premature death of such people has decreased by 27 percent.

Recently, scientists have published many studies on the impact of physical education on the human body. According to some, exercise may increase the number of functional connections in the brain, improve eyesight and even contribute to the restoration of human DNA. Also in the past conducted, and other studies showing that Jogging and Cycling can prolong life. However, at the same time, many experts urge people not to overdo it with the passion for the sport, since over-enthusiasm in this case often brings more harm than good.

Recently experts from the Massachusetts Institute of technology, said that people the easiest way to motivate yourself to exercise and even show better results in that case, if practiced, they are not alone, but in the company of like-minded people.