photo: Alex geldings
Every time I look at the events associated with national holidays and I can think of that this holiday may be the last. Don’t know why, but I unconsciously remember the footage of video of the celebrations in honor of the 300th anniversary of the reign of the Romanov dynasty in 1913. What a luxury! What grandeur! One of the most powerful empires of humanity marked the anniversary of his family. And then who would have thought that after 4 years a revolution breaks out and everything will end tragically?
The European Union (EU) is celebrating the 60th anniversary of the first of the treaties of Rome not in very good shape. It is necessary to find answers to new challenges, such as, for example, the need to determine the future development of the Union, slowing down of globalization, the geopolitical retreat of the United States at the trump, the rapid technological development (and in some cases depriving working people).
The immediate point, however is to counter populism and nationalism. European values (democracy, tolerance, mutual respect) are in danger today.
A look back helps to set aside some propaganda slogans and try to understand better the nature of the European Union.
In 1941, a group of anti-fascists, who were in exile, under the leadership of Altiero Spinelli wrote the Ventotene Manifesto of a United Europe. Then this idea just seemed a utopia, but the thinkers and the post-war policies have begun work in this direction.
The goal is simple: after a thousand years of tragedy, the Europeans wanted to create a project that would ensure peace and prosperity for their peoples.
So began to build a “home” of German and French bricks bonded Italian and beneluxweg cement.
The British had no part in this: according to their forecasts, it was supposed to collapse in a few months. Those who have the Imperial past, it is often difficult to understand the construction of a society that is not “great power”.
Television black and white footage of the historic March 25, 1957, show the curious people standing in the rain on Capitol square in anticipation of news, while the politicians are busy official speeches and Declaration of documents giving other States the opportunity to become members of the European economic community (EEC).
The site of the signing of the document was chosen. In Rome laid the foundations of European civilization and Christianity.
“Our move done not for the sake of domination” — was announced in the Capitol. This great event took place just 12 years after the end of the most terrible war in human history. Could this be called a miracle? Hope for a shared prosperous future originated in the Old world.
And quickly materialized!
Formed a community of free States, where it reached other countries. The most important enterprises were: in 1973 great Britain, Ireland and Denmark, in 1986 by Spain and Portugal, in 1995 Austria, Sweden and Finland.
In 2004, unfortunately, a “home” turned into something similar to a condominium. Members of EU countries who joined more for geopolitical reasons (justified heavy past, and later the Ukrainian crisis) than on the division of shared values.
And add: doors for Russia to the EU are not covered. Think of how many positive “Euro”-moments have you had in recent years.
Here I would like once again to return to the functions of the EU, and they are often forgotten. First, it is anti-fascist community. Secondly, it is a counterbalance to the threat of the nationalists, who are always colliding.
Napoleon was not a product of French expansionism? And Mussolini and Hitler were the leaders of the Italian and German totalitarian movements?
Sooner or later, as history teaches us, these sick European nationalists attack Russia. Honestly, I hate to think about the fact that Peter (in blockade) gathered on the eve of the 70th anniversary of the great Patriotic war, representatives of profsistem and xenophobes of Europe. They were invited to Russia only because they are “eurosceptics”. In politics, as I naively think, there is a limit beyond which it would be better never to go.
From the jubilee summit of the twenty-eight in Rome will be a new Europe. What it will be is still unknown. Of course, Germany will play a Central role in. Historically, warns Professor Stefano Monti Bragadin from Genoa University, “the Germans never knew how to be leaders, and just used its hegemony. That’s one of the reasons for their failures”.
If you do a difficult forecast, in my view, the countries-founders will begin the path to a political Union in a Federal format. And others may be, will remain in the economic space.
However, the lesson to extract: continuously since 1957, Europe is growing from crisis to crisis. It built slowly, with difficulty but safely. The US took almost a century to pass this way.
Separate thoughts deserve those who have remained or will remain at the periphery while the largest economic market in the world (500 million consumers). We all watched what happened in Ukraine, which wanted to sign the Association agreement with the EU. And then Brickset, which, in my opinion, able to provoke the collapse of the United Kingdom.
Someone could really explain why Kiev and Edinburgh should abandon sweet piece of cake? For what? For the sake of the bright future of other people?
We live in the XXI century. A world divided into spheres of influence — a thing of the past. As in the days of globalization to force a country not to do what she wants, and restrict its sovereignty? If tomorrow Mexico decides to join the Eurasian community, whether it can stop President Donald trump?
So it’s time a certain Russian circles to accept the fact that there is a new important partner — competitor in the Old world. But the competitor is not hostile!
Europeans profitable stable Russia that it was possible to trade and share security. To the monsters of the past are not revived again.
Unfortunately, certain forces easier to shout in all Ivanovo that “them versus us” and to polarize the situation. Those nostalgic of the movement hope that the EU will fall apart, see it as a rival in its traditional space. But the reality in the EU is changing rapidly.
After the fall of the Berlin wall increased generation who know only a unified Europe without borders and a single coin that is the Euro. They’re called “generation Erasmus” (the name derived from a successful University integration programme of the EU).
If readers watched television footage of the triumphant celebration of the Dutch green party, which received 20% of votes in the recent elections, I noticed only young person. It is those persons who can be seen around the French candidate Rules, according to some polls, the favourite for the post at the Elysee Palace.
Almost a record attendance at the parliamentary vote in the Netherlands also shows that Europeans want to decide their future and not to succumb to apathy, as it were, for example, in Poland in October 2015. In those situations, do populists who have no alternative ideas, in addition to the protests, can win. “Belovezhskaya of deception”, as a nostalgic shout power will not be in Europe. People will be free to vote. Here is a lesson Dutch!
In conclusion, I would like to this weekend for those who have hearts full of peace and love, who stand for international harmony and well-being of people raised a glass to the success of the European Union. Indirectly it is a holiday for Russia.