Category Archives: Economics

All Russians were going to put “smart” meters, cut-off electricity to debtors

In the near future how Russia’s population consumes power will be monitored by artificial intelligence. Talking about the accounting system of smart metering, which the energy Ministry wants to launch in July 2018. The technology will allow to reduce losses of electric energy primarily due to the possibility of remote disconnection from the network of the apartment of the defaulter. You do not even have to approach to the metering device. Simply click on on the server. Such a meter costs about 30 thousand rubles. While lawmakers argue that the consumer does not spend a dime on innovation. Experts are convinced that some time after the adoption of the law the intellectual value of the device lay in the tariff.

photo: Kirill Iskoldsky

A bill requiring territorial grid organizations (TSO) to start from July of the current year enter across all Russia smart metering system for electricity smart metering, was developed by the Ministry of energy and has already been approved by the government. The document provides for the decommissioning of old energy meters. The purpose of introducing the mentioned system, the control over non-payers and reducing energy losses due to theft.

We will remind that the state program “energy Saving and energy efficiency until 2020” was approved by the government in 2010, when the President was Dmitry Medvedev. Then he said: “Our goal is to raise by 2020 power efficiency of economy by 40%. This goal is realistic and achievable, I am absolutely sure.” The programme included the annual savings from introduction of smart meters of electricity to 8-9 billion rubles.

But due to what needs to happen is a welcome savings? The energy Ministry argues that the personal funds of the residents will be involved in implementing the transition to smart metering, the money will be drawn from unitarity sources. “Tariff authorities, political leaders say that through tariffs do nothing more, and so it lifted the roof — explains the idea the lawmakers of the President of the Association of energy service companies and manufacturers of metering Boris Portyankin. For surveys of such sources will be attracted foreign investments”. He stressed that the money part of ordinary citizens cannot be excluded. “Still rates are rising. It happens all the time. Energy performance contracts and to implement the technology without the help of the residents impossible,” — said “MK” Portyankin.

And even despite this prospect, the expert sees many positive points in the system of smart metering, rather than a negative. Yes, one of these counter components is 14.2 thousand rubles. To make the project pay off, the price of these devices is expected to increase to 23 to 28 thousand rubles. Costs can be distributed among consumers. However, the introduction of metering system will allow you to disable the defaulter from the energy remotely. “If you, for example, owed for the “communal” for the apartment, you will cut down the energy, not coming to your counter. It attracts our supplier and the organization — said the expert. — Citizens will have savings, it really is. Because of heat losses in networks will be less. So far, virtually all the funds that were allocated for the network on the account, stolen. Now invested in the project investors ‘ money will be monitored at the government level.”

The point in the mass introduction of smart metering throughout Russia sees Valery Dzyubenko, Deputy Director of the Association “Community of energy consumers”. “This is necessary in those areas of our country where there are problems with the quality of records, with large energy losses, — he said, raising the issue of transparency of accounting. — Today responsibility for installation rests with the consumer, if the transition to smart metering it will get the network organization, whether residents have access to the data of the meters is not clear.”

As for the implementation of energy efficient technologies, there is another important point, which casts doubt on the meaning of this invention. As the initiators of the project will be able to attract third-party investments, to not have to go into the pockets of the citizens, if the bill is partly contrary to the law? For example, the Housing code, if the meter belongs to consumer of electricity, and he has every right to choose to change his meter or not. In case, if the tenant was forced to move to smart metering, this procedure may challenge the FAS.

Experts predicted “careful tapering” the Central Bank’s key rate

The Board of Directors of the Bank of Russia on March 24, decides to change the key rate, which last six months was at the level of 10%. Business waiting: for the monetary policy of the regulator has all the conditions, however, decisive action from the Central Bank hardly should be expected. Experts of “MK” called the most probable scenario of actions of the Central Bank, whose main task is the achievement of an inflation target of 4% by year-end.

photo: Gennady Cherkasov

The key rate as its main tool of monetary policy was marked by the Bank of Russia in 2013, when the Department was headed by Elvira Nabiullina. In fact, it is the interest rate at which Central Bank lends to commercial banks, and they, in turn, physical and legal persons. In the midst of the crisis in 2014, the Central Bank gradually raised its key interest rate from 5.5% to 17%, i.e. more than three times. In the following years the key rate gradually decreased, and the latest change occurred in September 2016, when its level was reduced from 10.5% to half a percent. As reported in Central Bank manipulation of a key interest rate was intended to contain inflation and the growth rate of consumer prices.

However, according to analysts, the current level of the key rate remains high because of inflated interest on loans with a strong ruble hurt the industry and provoke the influx of imports into the country, depriving the budget of possible income. However, while the time to return to the key rate of 5.5% or below is clearly not now. From the haste in lowering rates warned Russian President Vladimir Putin, who said recently that this can lead to inflation and an outflow of investments from the country due to the weakening of the national currency. Most experts believe that Central Bank will obey the head of state, who, apparently, satisfied with the actions of the regulator: he has said that he will propose the state Duma to prolong powers of Elvira Nabiullina for a second term. At the meeting with the head of the Bank of Russia, he expressed the view that the Central Bank “has done much to stabilize the situation in the economy as a whole.” Unknown, did you discuss in that conversation Putin and Nabiullina the issue of changing the key rate, but experts believe that the policy of easing monetary policy, which were announced earlier by the Central Bank, the President approved.

“Now, with cautious optimism, we can expect a softening of rhetoric from the Central Bank and reduction of the key rate, but not at the next meeting, and in the second quarter, — said the chief economist of the Eurasian development Bank Yaroslav Lissovolik. — Now the regulator it is important to prepare the soil and to form expectations for a rate cut, which by the end of the year may fall by 1.5–2%. This is not a radical decrease, but still it’s bigger than last year. This could be a positive factor for reduction of interest rates in General and encourage lending to natural persons and legal entities”. The banking sector is waiting for the same results: earlier, the head of VTB Andrey Kostin expressed the hope that the rate will fall to 8.5% this year, as the “ripe time.”

In turn, head of the Department of international capital markets IMEMO Yakov Mirkin believes that to reduce the key rate of the Central Bank will be very reluctantly, by 0.25–0.5 percentage points. “Moreover, a rate cut can opt out at all, fearing for the ruble if oil prices will fall,” — says the economist. In his opinion, the main fears of the Central Bank, which follows the idea of “a strong ruble,” linked to rising inflation, capital outflows and dollarization of the economy — with these risk reduction of the key rate, even very careful.

In any case, Elvira Nabiullina, as is clear from the decision of the President will remain at his post, and thus tight monetary policy of the Central Bank will continue, except in a little milder form. To soften the rhetoric of the regulator, there is every reason, says Yaroslav Lissovolik: “the Ruble strengthened a lot, the economy feels better, and leaves no doubt that the inflation target of 4% will be achieved. Therefore, the Central Bank could not afford to temper their “stiffness”, — concluded the expert.

For the Ministry of defense will mitigate the procurement rules because of the conflict in Syria

The Ministry of defense will allow to rapidly conclude contracts for transportation of military threat to Russia’s security and operations abroad. The need to change the law “escalated amid Syria,” the Ministry said

The defense Ministry will not be able to comply with stringent law on public procurement (44-FZ) when a state contract for the transportation of military threat to the defense and security of Russia, and also in operations for the maintenance and restoration of peace abroad. Such a government bill on Thursday, March 23, recommended the adoption of the state Duma profile Committee on economic policy.

The bill prepared by the Ministry of defense, received in April 2016, the corresponding order of the government. This was preceded by an operative meeting of security Council on increasing the combat capabilities of the Russian armed forces, told at the Committee meeting head of the Department of transport for the Ministry of defense Alexander Yaroshevich.

The current law on the contract system (44-FZ) provides for “unacceptable” terms when selecting carriers for the military, says Yaroshevich. In addition, under current law, the Ministry shall conduct a competition to select a carrier. The problem with the execution of the law, “aggravated on the background of Syria,” said the representative of the Ministry of defense.

The bill authorizes the Ministry of emergency situations to use the services of a single carrier rail, at sea, on rivers, in air and in the carriage of military vehicles. This will provide “speed and secrecy” for the carriage of military personnel outside organizations, explained Yaroshevich.

The procedure for the conclusion of the contract with this single supplier will develop the Russian government, it must provide that the carrier agreement, the Agency will be able to conclude within seven days, said Yaroshevich. The deputies have treated the initiative with understanding: only asked if there is enough defense week period for selecting a single carrier and any needed “for security purposes” to exclude the military from the effect of hard law on public procurement for some items.

Week period for the purchase of the Ministry of defense will suffice, although it would be better to conclude such a contract within days, said Yaroshevich. A list of other interfering authority of the provisions of the law on public procurement the Ministry will also submit to the Council, if members show interest, promised the Colonel.

Crimea is cheaper, Sochi is more expensive

In anticipation of the high season, experts decided to find out how much it will cost to rent a house on the black sea coast. The study showed that prices in Sochi have consistently grown over the last year, and spring came to Yalta. But to overtake the popular resort on the southern coast of Crimea not yet.


The average rent two-storey cottage in the Central district of Sochi, 600 metres from the sea reached in March 58700 rubles (+5.4% against last year). The cost of renting the Yalta house was 59300 rubles a month (4% less). “About the money you can count on the house area is 155 sq. m with terrace, modern renovation, appliances and magnificent views of the mountains and the waterfall Uchan-su, – says General Director of the Federal portal “World apartments” Pavel Lutsenko. – However, the price of 60 thousand rubles is valid until may at the high season rate will rise to 100 thousand.”

In second place for the cost of a house in the capital of Crimea is Simferopol (the average rental rate is 42850 rubles per month, a decline for the year by 4.2%). As experts explain, this amount will be enough to remove detached two-storey house of 200 sq m with a large lounge, kitchen, three bedrooms and a garage.

3.2% decrease in rental and Sebastopol: 42300 rubles a month. This index incorporates a variety of options from budget (single storey house of 45 sq m with bathroom and Internet for 14 thousand rubles, including in the summer) to Executive (three-level cottage in a pine forest close to the town centre, with indoor pool and sea view for rent on a long lease for 160 thousand rubles per month in the summer for 300 thousand).

Much cheaper is the rent in Saki (private house can be rented for 12,500 rubles), Bakhchisarai (15200 RUB), Simeiz (16200 rubles), Yalta (16600 RUB) and Alushta (17100 roubles).

The range of prices in Krasnodar region more. In the center of Sochi, you can find quite a budget option. For example, 15 thousand rubles for rent “clean, well maintained” house with an area of 38 square meters with fridge, TV and washing machine.

Experts note that unexpectedly for the second place went to Anapa, overtaking the number of expensive proposals Noumea. Average rental rates in Anapa – 22700 roubles. For the money before the start of the season you can rent the 100-meter two-storey house on the Central street of the city with furniture, appliances, small yard and connection to the Internet.

Gelendzhik is much cheaper: 15500 rubles per month. This amount, for example, will allow you to rent the basement on a Thin promontory at 20 minutes from the sea. Rent in Novorossiysk averaged 14200 RUB.. Offers at this price is quite modest: a house with an area of 37 sq. m with good repair, bathroom is located in a separate building on the site with another two houses.

The lowest rate is traditionally recorded in Tuapse: 10300 roubles. As many will rent a tiny (30 sq m) house. However, it is equipped with everything necessary for life, including sewer and Internet.

– Average monthly rent for the Krasnodar territory has increased from last spring by 1.1%. About the same (-1,2%) rates have fallen in the Crimea, said Pavel Lutsenko. And if the Crimean property depreciated more or less evenly throughout the region, the indicators of the Krasnodar territory owes its growth primarily to the Olympic capital. Sochi rent for the year rose by 5.4%. Anapa gained 2.8%, to keep from falling Novorossiysk: minus 0.4%. Gelendzhik and Tuapse slightly reduced performance (1.6% and -1,3% respectively), but this does not mean that the upcoming high season will be cheaper than last year. City in Krasnodar region are actively developing their infrastructures than the resorts of the Crimean Peninsula, and customers have appreciated this advantage.

Regions went into a plus

Identifies areas in which wages ahead of inflation

photo: Natalia Muslinkina

While statistics record the continuing decline of incomes, but officials once again are shifting the blame to the global crisis, experts have calculated the regions in which wage growth still outstrips inflation. Such regions on the map of Russia was unexpectedly high, and this is not the only traditionally affluent Moscow and St. Petersburg. How could the local authorities remote from the capital outskirts and republics like Chukotka and Khakassia Republic to resist the infamous global economic crisis?

According to Rosstat, last year real incomes of the population of Russia fell even faster than the year before and 5.9% in 2016, compared to 3.2% in 2015. In 2014 and 2016, falling incomes of the population amounted to about 10%. Some are encouraging statistics for January of this year, according to which the real incomes of Russians finally started to grow – for the first time since October 2014.

But these figures represent averages across the country, meanwhile, from region to region, the picture is much more interesting. Recently submitted news Agency “Baikal-Daily” ranking of wage growth relative to inflation over the past 10 years shows that if, for example, in Vologda and Kaliningrad regions salary really seriously lagged behind the rate of inflation, in Mordovia and Khakassia well ahead. Leaders of growth were Chukotka, Yakutia and Dagestan, and antiliderami – Chechnya, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug and Sverdlovsk oblast.

According to experts, the regions that demonstrated the predominant wage growth over inflation, owe it a stable economic policy, consistent with a performance of “may decrees” of the President of Russia Vladimir Putin, the development of industries and the active position of its leadership.

For example, in the Siberian Federal district the first place on growth of wages relative to inflation took Khakassia, one of the TOP-5 of Russian regions by average wage level. Even during the most severe economic downturn in the Republic has grown public sector wages. In addition, residents of the region faster than any in Siberia a mortgage. The average repayment period of a housing loan is 14.2 years. The government of the Republic under the leadership of Governor Victor Zimin pays great attention to development of healthcare, is actively building medical centres, which has already led to growth of life expectancy of the population. Thanks to all that Khakassia entered the TOP 10 ranking of “Medialogia”, dedicated to the performance of “may decrees”.

The situation is similar in other regions. Thus, in Dagestan the average teacher’s salary for the first nine months of 2016 increased by 11.2%, and according to projections over time, will increase from 3.5 to 4.2%. If Dagestan today, the average teacher earns 19 320 rubles a month, in 2017, he will receive 22 000. In the Republican Ministry of economic development noted that the increase in average wages due to the adoption of measures for the implementation of “may decrees” of the President in raising the level of wages of certain categories of the budget sphere, and also increase wages in the productive sectors of the regional economy. Better all the same dealing with the growth of wages is in Chukotka. Even a simple school teacher gets here more than 86 000. If over the last 10 years prices in the region increased by 2.02 times, the wages – 2, 69 times. In General, many regions of the country should learn from the “chief of Chukotka” – because in this region the lowest loan burden is just 17%, the highest average salary – 85 678 rubles a month, and no debts in payment of salaries.

Substantial assistance to the head of the Chukotka Autonomous district Roman Kopin has a local branch of the popular front, regularly representing to the Governor the initiative, the implementation of theses “may decrees”. “For a number of raise the regional office of onf issues in the past year, concrete steps were taken”, – activists note.

Of course, care only about the public sector the work of regional authorities is not exhausted. To achieve faster growth of wages, it is necessary to support and develop local businesses, to launch new production, strengthen farming and fishing economy… And for all this we need people who not only manpower, but also specialists capable at modern level to solve their mandated tasks. In the above-mentioned Khakassia problem was solved by a kind – this region became the only region in Russia where housing for young professionals is available for free. As a rule, regional authorities and private companies prefer to resolve this issue through the mortgage… Maybe that is why the Republic of Khakassia is one of the lowest unemployment rates in SFO?

The leadership of the Republic and its Governor Viktor Zimin generally demonstrate a highly effective creativity in solving problems. The global financial crisis slowed economic growth of the Republic? There were found new drivers of the economy, in particular agriculture and tourism. For three years in support of farming was spent in the form of grants and 450 million rubles, and the volume of the tourism industry has grown over the last four years by a third. The struggle with the transformation of protracted social facilities allowed at the same time optimizing economic policy, eliminating the freezing of budgetary funds. In just the last five years, it was built nearly 100 new social objects of capital construction, which in the Republic was not simple.

In the end, the team Zimin has implemented a kind of anti-crisis program, the key which resulted in not only good statistics, but the growth of social stability and restructuring the economy of the region, which formally subsidized without additional effort on the part of the Federal centre have successfully adapted to the realities of the modern economy.

When the Ministry of economic development reports that for the first time in recent years the real incomes of Russians began to increase, this occurs not only due to a one-time payment of pensions, as stated by the head of the Ministry Maxim Oreshkin. A certain percentage of this positive result is, of course, belongs to the leadership of those regions that actively participate in the implementation of “may decrees” of the President, and not just in words, but in fact are working to raise incomes of state employees and many other social problems.

Weary MPs want to set the Russians a two-hour lunch break

Life as we know it is a struggle. Before lunch with hunger, after lunch, sleeping. Although our parliamentarians often blamed for the fact that they are terribly far from the people, but sometimes they descend to the political Olympus to earth. So, on March 22, the state Duma had its first reading to consider the bill to increase the lunch break for the Russians to 2 hours, but did not. Consideration postponed to another day.

photo: Artem Makeev

In fact, it is today the article 108 of the Labor code reglamentary that lunch break must be at least 30 minutes and up to 2 hours. However, the final say remains with the employer. And it is not in favor of the employee: 1 hour.

From the explanatory notes prepared by the deputies last summer, it is clear that such a proposal is not a kind of populism, it is dictated exclusively by concern for the health of Russians. The fact is that when eating is the rejection of blood from the nervous system to the digestive. It causes drowsiness, especially in hot weather, the human body gets tired and is under additional stress.

To “come to themselves” and require an hour to recover. After all, for anyone, this very hour, the employee that called, no, like a sleepy fly.

We must pay tribute: the legislators, perhaps, studied the biological rhythms of the person and established that without the 2-hour lunch break, we did not. Regardless, dined whether or not the decline of his strength comes later, 8 hours after waking up, during lunch. And then there’s the heat and the blood flow… In Germany in this respect easier, there is no rigid schedule of work from start to finish. An employee is entitled to come on 2-3 hours before formally stipulated time and go on the same sooner, most importantly, to perform the required scope of work..

We think this legislative initiative was highly approve of the Russians. Moreover, it does not increase the working day by one hour, the total workweek shall be continued not more than 40 hours. An extra hour on your lunch break will allow the employee to take a breath, and then he had renewed energy will take the case.

Productivity will not fall, according to deputies, on the contrary, it will pay off handsomely.

– Our initiative was not born in office, and as a result of meetings with voters,- says one of the authors of this bill, state Duma Deputy from the LDPR Ivan Sukharev. Are requests from the public. Our citizens, especially in the provinces, do not have the opportunity to dine in the café, especially in the restaurant. They tend to go-go home and hours of time they lack. Moreover, in the Russian province day will be work and at home — to feed the cattle, etc. That’s why the Russians need a 2 hour break for lunch. In tsarist Russia it was legalized afternoon and this had a positive effect on the health of the population.

– Nevertheless, the Labour code says that finally the lunch break establishes the employer. Say — you figure, not 2 hours — and there will be no rest!

– We are committed to the law, hard to install my lunch break, so it does not depend on the employer. Although the consideration of our initiative is constantly moving, there is confidence that this week the state Duma will consider and adopt in the first reading.

By the way, In the US, where time is money, as such the lunch break does not exist. There eat your hamburgers and coke on the job. But you will agree that money is very different than here. Yes and fast food contributes to obesity body.

In Germany, where it is not practiced rigid work schedule, the official break set in 30 minutes in China to two hours. In France, even with the 50-ies of the last century in the course of restaurant checks — pieces of paper, which in cafes and bistros the French for half-price to buy anything. The second half of the cost paid by the employer. Typically, a job they take sandwiches from home, and checks to buy other necessary products.

In the countries of the Arab East and South-East Asia due to the heat from two to four o’clock in the afternoon set afternoon Siesta, when life in the enterprises, even at the stops.

South Russian regions in the summer, too, suffer from the heat.

The Minister Tkachev made a cessation selkhozpostavka in Turkey

Ankara’s decision to suspend the issuance of licenses for duty-free supplies of Russian grain can lead to the complete cessation of export of Russian agricultural products to Turkey, said the Ministry of agriculture

Alexander Tkachev

(Photo: Oleg Yakovlev / RBC)

Turkey’s decision to modify the conditions of import of Russian grain can lead to complete cessation of the supply of agricultural products. This was stated by the head of the Ministry of agriculture Alexander Tkachev.

“The adoption Ankara such decisions can lead to complete cessation of the importation in Turkey of a number of names of Russian agricultural products (wheat, maize, crude sunflower oil, sunflower meal, beans and rice)”, — transfers words of the Minister, the press service of the Ministry.

The Ministry of agriculture stressed that Turkey’s actions questioned “the sincerity of the intentions on building a lasting relationship.” Tkachev said that in the fall of 2016 between the two countries was reached an agreement on the removal of restrictions in mutual trade in agricultural products. Russia planned further removal of restrictions on the import of Turkish agricultural products, previously, steps were taken to liberalize the food embargo, said the Minister. In particular, Moscow has removed restrictions on import of citrus and stone fruits, onions, cabbage, cloves and other foodstuffs. “While the Turkish side has not taken active steps to ensure access of Russian meat and dairy products to the Turkish market”, — said the head of the Ministry.

The agriculture Ministry will take all necessary measures to diversify markets, to reorient the delivery of Russian agricultural products to other countries will be possible “in a short time” as Russia holds a leading position in the world grain market, said Tkachyov.

Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich in a telephone conversation with Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey Mehmet Sensecam Wednesday, March 22, also stressed that restrictions on the supply of Russian grain to hinder the restoration of full relations between the two countries. “The actions of the Turkish side against Russian suppliers of wheat, corn, sunflower oil and sunflower meal, contrary to the spirit and outcome of March 10 meeting in Moscow of the Council of high level cooperation under the leadership of the presidents of Russia and Turkey” — quoted Dvorkovich TASS.

Turkey March 15 suspended the issuance of licenses for duty-free supplies of wheat, corn and sunflower meal from a number of countries, including from Russia. Shipment of this product from Russia virtually stopped.

As reported by the General Director of the Institute for agricultural market studies (IKAR) Dmitry Rylko, the Russian wheat under the new conditions would be subject to a duty of 130%. If such a “prohibitive duty” supply “may not be,” said ICARUS.

Turkey is the second after Egypt buyer of Russian wheat for July 2016 — February 2017, the country imported almost 2 million tons of wheat from Russia. The volume of purchases of Russian corn Turkey occupies fourth place in 2016, the country had sent about 1 million tonnes.

Anna Boytsova

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“Gazprom” bankrupt “Naftogaz” and will bring Kiev to default

“Naftogaz of Ukraine” in case of loss of “Gazprom” in the Stockholm arbitration will be bankrupt. As stated by chief commercial Director of the Ukrainian company Yuriy Vitrenko, the realization of such a scenario, Kiev will have to sell off its assets. This will cause a complete collapse of “Naftogaz” and could become an additional impetus to the default of Ukraine.

photo: Gennady Cherkasov

According to Yury Vitrenko, the total amount of claims “Gazprom” to “Naftogaz”, which the Russian monopoly is trying to recover from the Ukrainians in the Stockholm arbitration court, may, before the end of the year will increase from $50 billion to $80 billion, “We don’t want to lose “Gazprom”, — he said. While Vitrenko added that if Stockholm decides in favor of the Russian side, “the “Naftogaz” will simply become insolvent and its assets in this case will be sold”.

The trial, referred to, continues in 2014. Then “Gazprom” has addressed in Arbitration Institute of Stockholm chamber of Commerce with a demand to recover from Naftogaz of unpaid debts for gas and the accrued interest on these obligations. In addition, the Russian company has put Kiev account for the refusal to perform the conditions “take or pay”, which was recorded in the Russian-Ukrainian gas agreement.

The last rule is not just used in contracts between a supplier and a buyer of hydrocarbons. It is as follows. Quite often it happens that the buyer refuses to consume the previously announced volumes. For the provider, this translates into significant financial losses. This situation is as specified in the agreement, and the buyer promises to pay for even what is not formally required. This principle is called “take or pay”.

In the first half of 2010-ies, when Ukraine has bought from “Gazprom” raw materials, Kiev permanently reduced the consumption of “blue fuel”. However, to pay the difference, despite the fact that the rule was documented, Square didn’t want. As a result, for several years I have accumulated a decent penalty. Initially it was about $20 billion, Then the amount of the claim “Gazprom” to “Naftogaz” has grown to $37 billion Now, according to Yury Vitrenko, it reached $50 billion.

As suggested by the chief of analytical Department UK “BK-Savings” Sergey Suverov, “Gazprom” has all the chances to win in this case. The European courts with great attention to agreements concluded at the international level. Making concessions to Ukraine, the EU officially recognizes the political motivation of this decision, and caused damage to the reputation of the Stockholm arbitration.

“Of course, Gazprom is unlikely to recover all of the required amount. However, even if a positive decision on the payment of even a small part of it, “Naftogaz” will be in a critical situation. He had no money. So, as said Vitrenko, will have to sell assets”, — the expert believes. Considering that the capitalization of the Ukrainian holding even in the most optimistic estimates do not exceed $10 billion, to repay the obligations will have to let the hammer all the free property that will mean the collapse and virtual disappearance of “Naftogaz”.

Moreover, it threatens all of Ukraine’s economy as a whole. With all the debt “Naftogaz” continues brings an annual profit of several billion dollars. If these inputs are lost, the holes in the Ukrainian budget reaches the limit. Kiev will have only to rely on financial aid from the West. About this a few days ago just said the Deputy head of the National Bank of Ukraine Oleg Churiy. According to him, in the near future Kiev is obliged to report foreign debts of the Square, which amounts to some $12.5 billion.

“Without further loans from the IMF we will not be able to fulfil these obligations. In fact we go into default, and it should be clear to all,” complained the Ukrainian official. By the way, recently the IMF has postponed consideration of the allocation of Kiev loan of a new $1 billion experts believe that even in this structure, which always stood on the side of the current leadership of Ukraine, doubted the feasibility of the addition of new funds. The decision of the Stockholm court on the liquidation of obligations before “Gazprom”, which can be made already in April, will only accelerate the process of recognition Square untenable.

The government is extremely irritated “objectionable” report of Rosstat on the crisis

Data on the economic and social situation in Russia, published by the Federal state statistics service, ceased to serve as a reliable support of our government. Rosstat increasingly the target of criticism of high-ranking officials. The latter especially don’t like negative statistics Department on reduction of incomes of Russians and the fall of the industry. Economy Minister Maxim Oreshkin even called “unrepresentative” reporting Rosstat. This discontent can lead to the transfer of the office from the jurisdiction of the government under the wing of the Ministry of economic development. Experts believe that it will only worsen the situation. If officials want to see objective data, it is necessary to preserve the independence of Rosstat.

photo: Natalia Gubernatorova

Every day monitoring of Rosstat on the Russian economy and social situation of citizens becoming more critical. A month ago, the Agency reported the country’s exit from recession and high growth industry. Now, at the end of February, Rosstat shows a different picture and reports about these reductions. The index of industrial production fell by 2.7%, which was a record for all time of crisis. And the real incomes of Russians in February decreased 4.1%.

A sharp change of polarity in reports of Rosstat has caused confusion and anger on the part of the economic block of the government. The head of the Ministry Maxim Oreshkin called statistics of the Federal service “unrepresentative”, it is not able to give a balanced picture of the discussed issue.

Irritation of the Cabinet of Ministers, due to the monitoring of Rosstat, we can understand. Recently, the Agency continually delayed publication of the statements, and periodically recalculates and refines the data. And the arguments that justify Rosstat failures, not always convincing. So, a three-day hitch with the publication of the January industrial statistics service explained the change of methodology of calculation. The blame for a similar delay in February Rosstat has laid on man-made factors, and specifically on a cable break in communication networks providing communication to interregional centre regional bodies.

Dissatisfaction with the work of Rosstat, which expresses the government, threatens to result in loss of Agency credibility on the part of higher officials. Moreover, there has been talk about the translation of the statistical Agency from the direct subordination to the Cabinet of Ministers under the control of the Ministry of economic development, the structure of which Rosstat is already included — from 2008 to 2012. A number of officials believes that it will change for the better the situation with the quality of the statistics.

However, experts believe that this is a false and ill-considered decision. According to the Director of the Institute of strategic analysis FBK Igor Nikolaev, similar organizations in most developed countries, and specializing in government statistics, are independent and are not included in the Ministerial structure. A relatively independent position, received by the Rosstat 5 years ago, was a credit to the Organization for economic cooperation and development, which encouraged Russia to take this step.

“It was moving forward, reaching a new level, close to economically developed countries. Now we see the opposite trend. With a completely unjustified reasons. To compare the industrial performance of our country February 2017 with the same period in 2016 is incorrect. Last year this month we had two working days less. By the way, in January 2017, when a day was more Rosstat recorded industrial growth,” — says Nikolaev.

The expert drew attention to one interesting fact. When Rosstat publishes the optimistic statistics about the growth of the Russian economy, the government does not Express complaints to the Agency. In a situation when statistics say otherwise, Rosstat officials subjected to harsh criticism.

“It turns out that the government applies the statistical service for the regression of the economy. Though the Rosstat should be responsible for the errors and mistakes of other agencies. If the government needs unbiased and fair data that objectively reflect the status quo, the Federal state statistics service needs to maintain independence. If officials want to wear “rose-colored glasses” and get only positive information, the statistical service it will provide, she only hint. However, it will be more immersion in the illusory world, paper the struggle for a result, not a progressive approach to economic development”, — said Igor Nikolaev.

Read the story: “the poor and “mortal” regions of Russia: statistics sounding the alarm”

Control over the state procurements eased after complaints Sobyanin and scouts

Dmitry Medvedev and Sergei Sobyanin

Photo: Yekaterina Shtukina / TASS

The government relaxed the control over public procurement after a lot of complaints about failures in the system. Problems with procurement had complained to the mayor of Moscow, governors of Saint-Petersburg and Murmansk region, and even foreign intelligence

The government temporarily eased the rules of Treasury control over public procurement: the customers are allowed to place in the unified information system (UIS) information about the purchases before receiving approval from the Federal Treasury, the government resolution of 20 March (available on the official website but on the portal of legal information the government had not yet published). The ruling suspends regulation forbidding the placing of purchase without Treasury control until January 1, 2018 for Federal procurement and before January 1, 2019 for regional and municipal contracts, the paper said.

Systematic failures in the EIS, there had been complaints since the beginning of the year: in January, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev on them, in particular, wrote the mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin. In a letter addressed to the Prime Minister (there RBC), he pointed out that Moscow realizes up to 10% of all public procurement, and disruptions in the EIS threaten the fulfillment of social obligations. As a solution to the problems the mayor offered to give this right to the regions with the annual volume of procurement of over RUB 100 billion to create do not depend on EIS regional system of public procurement.

In February of failures in the system the Prime Minister wrote to the governors of St. Petersburg and Murmansk region. “The Federal Treasury as one of the variants of partial solutions of the problems offers customers to make placing information directly in the personal Cabinet of EIS <…> However, this solution contrary to its subjects normative legal acts,” — said in a letter to the Governor of the Murmansk region Marina Kovtun in the name of Medvedev (the copy is in RBC). Kovtun asked to rectify the situation and amend existing legislation to relieve from administrative responsibility of the customer and the competent authorities in cases where they are unable to place information in the EIS because of technical failures.

The Governor of St. Petersburg Georgy Poltavchenko in a letter to the Prime Minister on the same issue said that due to failure is no timely exchange of documents between UIS and regional public procurement systems (RIS), as well as between users of EIS — customers and control authorities. Poltavchenko has proposed to implement a system of “reverse interaction”, which in case of failures in ESI enable operation in FIG.

The dissatisfaction of the security services

By March the problem of the failures of EIS has not been resolved, and a problem have complained the foreign intelligence Service (SVR). “We believe that the rules of control and <…> the accounting budget and financial obligations unduly complicate the procedure of control and completely unnecessarily increase the duration of each purchase,” — said in a letter to the chief of security SVR Alexander Krajina the Ministry. He also pointed out that the situation for SVR is compounded by the secrecy of the procurement plans of the services, and the introduction of Treasury control increased paperwork. The established order of Treasury control, the letter said, overly bureaucratic, “in some issues is contrary to the requirements of the legislation and to some extent discreditied the entire contract system”.

The Ministry also received complaints about the service support of EIS. Border Department of the FSB for the Primorsky Krai in February, reported that within two weeks could not make the necessary changes to the plan schedule of purchases through a personal account in the EIS. “To technical support sent nine queries <…> about the only technical site errors that prevent the posting of information about changing the schedule,” wrote security forces. Support EIS does not respond on the merits and can not resolve the error, follows from the document.

By order dated March 20, the government suspended some of the rules 44-FZ, which came into force from the beginning of 2017 and has led to massive failure in the EIS. These rules have imposed control by the Federal Treasury six types of information about public procurement published in the EIS, and also obliges customers to place in the system of a three-year procurement plan and annual plan schedule of purchases. The failures of EIS has led to the fact that Treasury control of compliance of procurement plan-schedules had to be automated, but in practice it turned out that fully automate the process impossible. Without Treasury control of the schedule placing purchases in the EIS is blocked, work with public procurement still accounts for almost manually, the Director of the Centre for the development of competition policy and public procurement Ranepa Elena Agapova. “To protect the exchequer, which was assigned to the automation UIS, I can say that public procurement issued numerous resolutions and orders. If it were clearly spelled out what needs to be done in order to simplify the work of customers, I think it [the simplification] would be done,” she says.

The crisis in the system

Introduction of three-year plans — a long-standing dream of the MAYOR, says the expert of the company “SKB Kontur” Marina Savukov. “The whole reform of public procurement related to the start of the contract system in 2014 was started for this. This is not even with the planning of budget expenditures and control of what is purchased,” she says. Previously, the customer could declare any tender, to buy a product or service that is not related to core business, for example, an expensive car, it spawned corruption scheme, says Savukov. Plans and graphics allow the Treasury and other regulatory bodies in advance to see those purchases and, if necessary, to cancel them.

Also, the government has established the procedure for control of documents containing the state secret and not subject to accommodation in UIS directly to the Treasury should be sent information about the code of procurement, resource allocation, Protocol definition suppliers, and the draft contract. This is a necessary clarification, Savukov explains: “the previous text was not clear, what is monitored, what information is on the purchase — now it is written”.

From the beginning of 2017 in the field of public procurement, there was a crisis. As of January 27 at UIS are unable to post the procurement plans of 180 thousand customers (approximately 70% of all customers), said in a letter to Deputy economic development Minister Yevgeny Yelin in the name of the first Deputy Prime Minister Igor Shuvalov, on 27 January (a copy of the letter is at RBC). “The introduction of a three year procurement plan and annual schedule leads, apart from the high complexity for customers, to the emergence of a large number of bureaucratic and technical difficulties,” wrote Elin.

On the background of the failures of EIS in the government there was a discussion on the transfer of control of the system. Now the control of this system, which publishes the notice of procurement for all state and municipal institutions and enterprises, are divided among the Ministry of economic development and subordinated to the Ministry of Finance the Treasury. In early February, 2017, “Kommersant” reported that the government rejected the idea of a focus control system in the same hands. Dispute about the distribution of powers between the Ministry of Finance and Ministry of economic development continues for several months, the final decision is still pending.